Symptom Checklist-90 Revised (SCL-90-R)

The Symptom Checklist-90 Revised is a method to evaluate psychological problems and identify symptoms.  This instrument is also used by psychologists, psychiatrists, mental health, medical, and educational professionals for monitoring the patient’s progress or treatment outcome.

Participants are required to respond to the 90 items in the Symptom Checklist-90 Revised using a 5-point rating scale.  Approximately 12-15 minutes is necessary for completion.  Testing can be done with a computer, audio-cassette, or paper-and-pencil.  Individual of 13 years or older are recommended for accurate test results.  Another name for the Symptom Checklist-90 Revised is the Global Severity Index.

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Reliability and Validity

The Symptom Checklist-90 Revised is an established instrument and has over 1,000 independent studies supporting is reliability and validity.  The internal consistency coefficient rating ranged from 0.90 for Depression and 0.77 for Psychoticism.  Test-retest reliability has been reported at 0.80 to 0.90 with a time interval of one week.   All nine primary subscales are well correlated with the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory.  The Symptom Checklist-90 Revised was also correlated with the IIP, 0.73, and the SAS, 0.69 (Pearson).

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Administration, Analysis and Reporting

Statistics Solutions consists of a team of professional methodologists and statisticians that can assist the student or professional researcher in administering the survey instrument, collecting the data, conducting the analyses and explaining the results.

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Allan, S., & Gilbert, P. (1997). Submissive behaviour and psychopathology. Br.J.Clin.Psychol., 36 (4), 467-488.

Chang, H.L., & Chuang, H.Y. (2000). Adolescent hyperactivity and general psychopathology. Psychiatry Clin.Neurosci., 54(2), 139-146.

Derogatis, L.R., Meyer, J.K., & King, K.M. (1981). Psychopathology in individuals with sexual dysfunction. American Journal of Psychiatry, 138(6), 757-763.

Derogatis, L.R., Meyer, J.K., & Kourlesis, S. (1985). Psychiatric diagnosis and psychological symptoms in impotence. Hillside.J.Clin.Psychiatry, 7(2), 120-133.

Knudson-Martin, C. (2000). Gender, family competence, and psychological symptoms. J Marital Fam.Ther., 26(3), 317-328.

Lee, M.A., & Cameron, O.G. (1986). Anxiety, type A behavior, and cardiovascular disease. Int.J.Psychiatry Med., 16(2), 123-129.

Dissertations and Journals

Abbott, P.J., Moore, B.A., Weller, S.B. & Delaney, H.D. (1998). AIDS risk behavior in opioid dependent patients treated with community reinforcement approach and relationships with psychiatric disorders. Journal of Addictive Disorders, 17(4), 33-48.

Aikens, J.E. (1998). Prevalence of somatic indicators of distress in diabetes patients: comparison to psychiatric patients and community nonpatients. Int.J.Psychiatry Med., 28(3), 265-272.

Kyung Bong Koh, Joon Kyu Park, Chan Hyung Kim, and Sunghee Cho (2001).  Development of the Stress Response Inventory and Its Application in Clinical Practice.  Psychosomatic Medicine 63:668-678.