Self-Esteem Index (SEI)

The Self-Esteem Index (SEI) is a multidimensional instrument that measures how adolescents and children perceive and value themselves.  Some of the common uses of this instrument include:  identifying problems (behavior, emotional, adjustment, self-esteem), confirming referrals, and planning a method for solving the problem (goals, meetings, etc.)
Participants are asked to respond to 80-item self-report test using a 4-point scale.  Approximately 30 to 35 minutes is required for completion.

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Linda Brown & Jacquelyn Alexander, 1991


Familial Acceptance
Academic Competence
Peer Popularity
Personal Security
Self-Esteem Quotient

Reliability and Validity

Brown and Alexander only included data analysis in their test manual for internal consistency for reliability.  At age levels of 11, alpha coefficients were reported between 0.80 and 0.90; however, scores dropped in the 0.70 to 0.80 range with age levels of 8.  There were low scores for the SEI correlated with other self-esteem measures such as the Piers-Harris Children’s Self-Concept Scale (0.29) and the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory.  Samples for the validity data, also, were questionable due to few subjects (less than 30 student) and the limited age ranges.

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Administration, Analysis and Reporting

Statistics Solutions consists of a team of professional methodologists and statisticians that can assist the student or professional researcher in administering the survey instrument, collecting the data, conducting the analyses and explaining the results.

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Demo, D. H., & Savin-Williams, R. C. (1983). Early adolescent self-esteem as a function of social class: Rosenberg and Pearlin revisited. American Journal of Sociology, 88, 763-774.

Froman, R. D., & Owen, S. V. (1991). High school students’ perceived self-efficacy in physical and mental health. Journal of Adolescent Research, 6, 181-196.

Huebner, E. Scott.  Review of the Self-Esteem Index.  University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC.

Mueller, O. Ralph.  Review of the Self-Esteem Index.  University of Toledo, Toledo, OH.

Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. View

Rosenberg, M., & Pearlin, L. 1. (1978). Social class and self-esteem among children and adults. American Journal of Sociology, 84, 53-77.

Wiltfang, G. L., & Scarbecz, M. (1990). Social class and adolescents’ self-esteem: Another look. Social Psychology Quarterly, 53, 174-183.

Dissertations and Journals

Diem, A. Richard; Katims, S. David (2002).  The introduction of computers in an at-risk learning environment:  a seven-year retrospective view.  Computers in the Schools, Vol. 19, 19-32.

King, A. Debra; Daniel, G. Larry ()  Psychometirc Integrity of the Self-Esteem Index:  A Comparison of Normative and Field Study Results.  Educational and Psychological Measurement, Vol. 56, No. 3, 537-550.