Police Stress Survey (PSS)

The Police Stress Survey (PSS) consists of 60 items corresponding to police work related events.  Respondents rate all 60 events with a “stress rating” of 0-100.  The first event, “assignment of disagreeable duties”, is given a median “stress rating” of 50, used as an example and standard against which respondents should formulate their stress ratings: events more stressful than “assignment of disagreeable duties” should rate proportionately greater than 50, and events less stressful than “assignment of disagreeable duties” proportionately less than 50.  Respondents are also asked to estimate the number of times each event has occurred within the past month and within the past year.

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Charles Spielberger et al., 1981

Reliability and Validity

Violante and Aaron (1995) α =.90

Administration, Analysis and Reporting

Statistics Solutions consists of a team of professional methodologists and statisticians that can assist the student or professional researcher in administering the survey instrument, collecting the data, conducting the analyses and explaining the results.

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Spielberger, C. D., Westberry, L. G., Grier, K. S., & Greenfield, G. (1981). The Police Stress Survey: Sources of stress in law enforcement (Monograph Series Three, No. 6). Tampa, FL: Human Resources Institute, University of South Florida.

Violanti, J. & Aron, F. (1995). Police stressors: Variations in perception among police personnel. Journal of Criminal Justice, 23, 287–294.