Leader Attributes Inventory (LAI)

The Leader Attributes Inventory (LAI) measures the degree to which individuals possess each of 37 attributes (characteristics, knowledge, skills, and values possessed by individuals) that predispose successful leadership performance as a leader in vocational education.

The Leader Attributes Inventory (LAI) instrument comes in a Self-Rating Form and an Observer-Rating Form. Each form takes about 15 minutes to complete. Each item is a positive statement of a different attribute accompanied by a 6-point response scale which describes the extent to which the rater believes the person being rated (ratee) possesses the attribute. The response scale ranges from 1 (very undescriptive) to 6 (very descriptive). The Leader Attributes Inventory can be used for an assessment of leader attributes at a point in time, to measure change in leader attributes over time, or to evaluate the impact of leadership development programs.

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Moss, J., Jr., & Liang, T

Reliability of Scale(s)

Tests of the Leader Attributes Inventory (LAI) showed that its reliability as a self-report, when assessed in terms of response consistency, was satisfactory. The Leader Attributes Inventory (LAI) has also demonstrated evidence of test-retest reliability, internal consistency, and interrater reliability. (Liang, 1990; Moss, Johansen, & Preskill, 1991; Moss, Lambrecht, & Jensrud, 1994).

Validity of Scale(s)

Face and content validity have been reported for the Leader Attributes Inventory (LAI) (Finch, Gregson, & Faulkner, 1991; Moss, et al., 1992). Evidence indicates that the 37 leader attributes in the Leader Attributes Inventory are actually used by vocational educators and others (Bensen, 1994) who are engaged in successful leadership activities. Two studies (Liang, 1990; Moss, Johansen, & Preskill, 1991) showed high correlation coefficients when the Leader Attributes Inventory was compared to another leadership measurement tool. Two other studies (White, Asche, & Fortune, 1992; Migler 1991) showed a strong relationship between Leader Attributes Inventory scores and current effectiveness as a leader. The Leader Attributes Inventory also appears to have high construct validity; its 37 attributes have been shown empirically to be highly related to the six leadership tasks which compromise the operational definition of the conceptualization of leadership of the National Center for Research in Vocational Education.

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Administration, Analysis and Reporting

Statistics Solutions consists of a team of professional methodologists and statisticians that can assist the student or professional researcher in administering the survey instrument, collecting the data, conducting the analyses and explaining the results.

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Bensen, T. M. (1994, March 20). Leadership attributes addressed in Industrial Technology/Technology Education doctoral programs as perceived by faculty and recent graduates. Paper presented at the 56th Annual ITEAA Conference, Kansas City, MO.

Finch, C. R., Gregson, J. A., & Faulkner, S. L. (1991). Leadership behaviors of successful vocational education administrators (MDS-097). Berkeley: National Center for Research on Vocational Education, University of California at Berkeley.

Liang, T. (1990). Relationships among leader attributes, behaviors, and effectiveness of vocational education administrators. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Minnesota, St. Paul.

Migler, J. R. (1991). Selected leadership attributes and styles of administrators in exemplary vocational education institutions and administrators in Minnesota technical colleges. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Minnesota, St. Paul.

Moss, J., Jr., Johansen, B.-C., & Preskill, A. (1991). Developing the Leader Attributes Inventory: An odyssey. Journal of Industrial Teacher Education, 28(2), 7-22.

Moss, J., Jr., Lambrecht, J. J., & Jensrud, Q. (1994). Leader attributes inventory manual. Berkeley, CA: National Center for Research in Vocational Education. View

Moss, J., Jr., & Liang, T. (1990). Leadership, leadership development, and the National Center for Research in Vocational Education (MDS-041). Berkeley: National Center for Research in Vocational Education, University of California at Berkeley.

Moss, J., Jr., Jensrud, Q., & Johansen, B.-C. (1992). An evaluation of ten leadership development programs for graduate students in vocational education (MDS-293). Berkeley: National Center for Research in Vocational Education, University of California at Berkeley.

White, D. J., Asche, F.M., & Fortune, J.C. (1992, April). Minority leadership training: Evaluation and analysis of a five-state program: An interim report. Paper presented at the American Education Research Association meeting, San Francisco, CA.