Cross-Cultural World-Mindedness Scale

The Cross-Cultural World-Mindedness Scale evaluates attitudes toward race, religion, immigration, patriotism, economics, war, world government, and global education. The scale is used by study-abroad pre-departure programs. The tests consist of 26-items for which the respondents use a 6-point Likert-style response from “disagree strongly” to “agree strongly”.  Example statements regarding world-mindedness are “Our country should have the right to prohibit certain racial and religious groups from entering to live.” and “The primary goal of my country‚Äôs foreign policy should be to promote peaceful resolutions of international conflicts.”

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Aghop Der-Karabetian, Ph.D.

Validity and Reliability

According to data taken from a survey conducted by 10 nations, the Cross-Cultural World-Mindedness Scale internal reliability varied between countries from .69 (India) to .90 (England). The alpha coefficients showed more consistent result with .80 to .85.

Obtaining the Cross-Cultural World-Mindedness Scale

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You can also contact the author directly to obtain the Cross-Cultural World-Mindedness Scale and permission to use the instrument in your research.

Administration, Analysis and Reporting

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Der-Karabetian, A. (1984). Nationalism and world mindedness: Japanese verses American comparison. La Verne, CA: University of La Verne. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED236104).

Der-Karabetian, A. (1992). World-mindedness and the nuclear threat: A multinational study. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 7, 293-308.

Der-Karabetian, A., & Metzer, J. (1993). The cross-cultural world-mindedness scale and political party affiliation. Psychological Reports, 72, 1069-1070.

Der-Karabetian, A., Mangarai, L., Uvias, E., & Watanabe, A. (1994). World-mindedness and the nuclear threat: A four nation test of the superordinate goal hypothesis. Psychologia, 37, 59-65.

Der-Karabetian, A., Stephenson, K., & Poggi, T. (1996). Environmental risk perception, activism and world-mindedness among samples of British and U. S. college students. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 83, 451-462.

Gudykunst, W. B., Guzley, R. M., & Hammer, M. R. (1996). Designing intercultural training. In D. Landis & R. S. Bhagat (Eds.), Handbook of intercultural training (2nd ed.) (pp. 61-80).

Horvath, A. M. (1997). Ethnocultural identification and the complexities of ethnicity. In K. Cushner & R. Brislin (Eds.), Improving intercultural interactions: Modules for cross-cultural training programs (Vol 2) (pp. 165-183). Thousands Oaks, CA: Sage. View

Thibaut, J., & Kelly, H. (1959). The social psychology of groups. New York: Wiley. View