One of the few available instruments for body esteem, the Body Esteem Scale investigates characteristics in young women and young men related to body esteem. This particular scale is closely compared with the Body Cathexis Scale.
The format for the Body Esteem Scale includes 35 items using 17 items from the Body Cathexis Scale and 16 new items. Three interrelated factors that describe major body esteem dimensions are the sub-scales for the test.
Author: Dr. Stephen L. Franzoi and Stephanie A. Shields, 1984
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Reliability and Validity
Following data provided by Stephen L. Franzoi and Stephanie A. Shields study conducted on a sample of 331 males and 633 females enrolled in undergraduate courses. Reliability and validity were conducted for each of the male and female participants. The Coefficient alpha rating for internal consistency was 0.81 to 0.87 for all the male sub-scales and 0.78 to 0.87 for all three female sub-scales. The Body Esteem Scale was correlated with the Rosenbergy Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965) to support convergent validity; moderate correlation between the two were presented. There is a strong correlation with the Body Cathexis Scale due to the 17-items that the two instruments share.
Obtaining the BES
To obtain the Body Esteem Scale (BES), email either of the authors directly.
Dr. Stephen Franzoi
Administration, Analysis and Reporting
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Fisher, S. (1964). Sex differences in body perception. Psychological Monographs, 78, 1-22
Gunderson, E. K., & Johnson, L. C. (1965). Past experience, self-evaluation, and present attitudes, Perceptual and Motor Skills, 39 1053-1054.
Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton: University Press. View
Shontz, F. C. (1963). Some characteristics of body size estimation. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 16, 665-671.
Wylie, R. C. (1979). The self-concept. Rev. ed. Vol. 2. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Dissertation and Journals
Mendelson, Beverley K., Mendelson, Morton J., White, Donna R. (2001). Body-Esteem Scale for Adolescents and Adults. Journal of Personality Assessment, 1532-7752, Vol. 76, Issue 1, 90 – 106.
Stephen L. Franzoi & Stephanie A. Shields (1984). The Body Esteem Scale: Multidimensional Structure and Sex Difference in a College Population. Journal of Personality Assessment, 1532-7752. Vol. 48, Issue 2
Mendelson BK & White DR (1982). Relation between body-esteem and self-esteem of obese and normal children. Percept Mot Skills, 54(3):899-905.