Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)

The widely used test, Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), is a method for identifying personal, social, and behavioral issues in psychiatric patients.

The current version of this instrument is the MMPI-2. The test consists of 10 clinical subscales but also validity scales to assure that the results are not falsely represented. There also exists the adolescent version of the MMPI called the MMPI-A. The MMPI-2 contains 567 items, taking 60 to 90 minutes to administer.


Starke R. Hathaway & J.C. Mckinley.

Where to Purchase

Pearson Assessments
MMPI-2: A Practitioner’s Guide by James N. Butcher ISBN: 1-59147-287-3 View

Administration, Analysis and Reporting

Statistics Solutions consists of a team of professional methodologists and statisticians that can assist the student or professional researcher in administering the survey instrument, collecting the data, conducting the analyses and explaining the results.

For additional information on these services, click here.

Validity and Reliability

This instrument is a widely known test primarily reliable with the white middle-class and those whom are severely disturbed. The MMPI’s test-rest reliability is recorded as .50 to .80 where the first scale, Hypochondriasis, has the highest reliability.

Dissertations Using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory

Below is a list of dissertations using the MMPI.  The full version of these dissertations can be found using ProQuest.

Shearer, D. S. (2001). The Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory-2 and low back pain surgery outcome. Utah State University).

Major, J. A. (1993). Predicting outcome in an interdisciplinary treatment program for chronic pain. Indiana University of Pennsylvania).


Hathaway, S. R., McKinley, J. C., Meehl, P. E., Drake, L. E., Welsh, G. S., & MacAndrew, C. (2000). Construction of the original MMPI. J. N. Butcher (Ed.), Basic sources on the MMPI-2. (pp. 1-100).

Helmes, E. & Reddon, J. R. (1993). A perspective on developments in assessing psychopathology: A critical review of the MMPI and MMPI-2. Psychological Bulletin,
113, 453-471.

Megargee, E. I. (2006). Use of the MMPI-2 in correctional settings. In J. N. Butcher (Ed.). MMPI-2: The practioner’s handbook. (pp. 327-460). Washington, D. C.: American Psychological Association.

Tremble, J.E. (2003). Introduction: Social change and acculturation. In K.M. Chun, P.B. Organista, & G. Marín (Eds.). Acculturation: Advances in theory, measurement, and applied research (pp. 3 – 13). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

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