What is a Histogram?

As a part of your data analysis in a quantitative study, you may be asked to present histograms of the variables in your data. A histogram is a visual representation of a variable’s distribution. More specifically, a histogram is a plot of the frequencies of a variable’s values. In other words, a histogram shows us

Theoretical Spotlight: Attachment Theory

Theoretical Spotlight blogs are basic introductions to theories researchers often use in social science research. As such, they include basic definitions of theories and discussion of their connections to research. They serve as starting points for considering theories that may be suited to your own research. This blog focuses on attachment theory. Attachment theory helps

Tips for Academic Success in 2021

Happy New Year! A new year is here, offering us limitless possibilities in terms of what we can accomplish in just 365 days. As classes start back up, we’re taking time this month to go over our best tips to help you plan for a successful semester. Evaluate Your Workload If you’re already fretting over

Synthesizing Research in a Literature Review

One of the most common challenges I hear from students when writing the literature review is synthesizing research material. According to Merriam-Webster, synthesis refers to the composition or combination of parts or elements to form a whole. So, when you synthesize research on your topic, you should be bringing together elements of the research to

Qualitative Data Collection During a Global Pandemic

The use of technology for qualitative data collection was nothing new before the COVID-19 pandemic began. However, using technology like videoconferencing to conduct interviews and focus groups is now the norm, rather than the exception, and may be for some time. This blog provides some pointers for modifying your qualitative data collection in a pandemic.

The Psychology of Error: Avoiding Negative Impressions

My graduate mentor told me that there are things outside of our control when writing and doing academic work, and that is precisely why it is so important to pay special attention to the things that are in our control. This covers many aspects of work, but I want to talk about the importance of

Comparison of APA Publication Manual 6th ed. vs. 7th ed.

Expectations of the PowerPoint Dissertation Proposal Defense

This is a general discussion about what to expect at the dissertation proposal defense. It is not a technical how-to guide on setting up your slides. For guidance on the specific content for your slides, see examples from your school and follow your school’s template, if it has one. Basically, at your proposal defense, your

Connecting the Theoretical Framework to Your Quantitative Study

For your theoretical framework, you want to define your theory, along with any associated components, discuss what researchers have used the theory for, and connect it to your study. Defining the theory and discussing what researchers have used it for are relatively straightforward. However, people are usually a little more uncertain about what it means

What is the difference between probability and non-probability sampling?

If you are conducting an original study for your dissertation research, you will need to choose a method of sampling to obtain your participants. Choosing an appropriate sampling method is important for both quantitative and qualitative studies. There are two general types of sampling methods: probability sampling and non-probability sampling. In this blog, we will