APA Fact of the Week: Colons

Punctuation makes writing easier to comprehend.  It lends meaning to words and gives the reader clues regarding the ideas the writer is expressing.  One commonly misused punctuation mark is the colon.  It is located on the keyboard with the semicolon, and is produced by pressing the shift key in combination with the semicolon key. A

APA Fact of the Week: Block Quotations

Per APA, any quotations longer than 40 words must be formatted differently from the rest of the text. Writers and editors refer to these quotes as block quotations. The writer should properly introduce the quote in the text (e.g., Kieko found the following, ) before typing the actual quote. There are no quotation marks around

APA Fact of the Week – Concise Writing

Academic writing should be concise and clear. When APA editing a document, cut clutter and unnecessary words to make the finished product professional, polished, and clean. There are a several ways to write concisely without sacrificing valuable information. Eliminate words that do not carry meaning. Such words may include that, there is, unfortunately, and it

APA Fact of the Week: Quotation Marks

In text: Use double quotation marks to enclose quotations.  Use single quotation marks to set off quotes within quotes. Correct: Smith stated, “Benin wrote ‘the limit does not exist’ when referring to this equation” (p. 9). Incorrect: Smith stated, “Benin wrote “the limit does not exist” when referring to this equation” (p. 9). In block

APA Fact of the Week: While and Since

Words that can have multiple meanings, such as while and since, sometimes cause reader confusion.  Because precision and clarity are standards in academic writing, the APA suggests that you restrict use of while and since to their temporal meanings only (APA 6, 3.22). Examples: While: Use while to link events occurring simultaneously; otherwise, use although, and,

APA Fact of the Week – Hyphenation

For more information and examples, see APA6, Section 4.13. Hyphen: Use no space before or after (e.g., trial-by-trial). Em dash: An em dash is longer than a hyphen or en dash and is used to set off an element added to amplify or to digress from the main clause (e.g., Studies—published and unpublished—are included). Use

APA Fact of the Week: Colons & Semicolons

Many writers are lost regarding the differences between using a colon and a semicolon, often using these punctuations incorrectly. The following details use of each punctuation according to APA 6 (pp. 89–90). Semicolon: Use a semicolon To separate two independent clauses that are not joined by a conjunction. The participants in the first study were

APA Fact of the Week: Citing with No Author or Editor

If the reference you want to cite has neither an author nor an editor, put the title of the book or article in the author position.  Alphabetize such citations according to the first significant word in the title.  In text, use either part of the title or the whole title if it is short in

APA Fact of the Week – Reference List

A key aspect of your dissertation is the reference list.  The reference list includes the sources you consult in the process of researching for your dissertation, which prevents plagiarizing that information and increases your credibility as a researcher.  In order for source information to be clear to your reader, follow the guidelines in the APA

APA Fact of the Week: Slashes

Use slashes sparingly in APA style. Because a slash could easily be replaced with a conjunction, while also increasing clarity, slash use is limited to specific instances (APA6, p. 95). For example, here are the situations in which it is appropriate to use a slash: • to clarify a relationship in which a hyphenated compound