Addiction Belief Scale (ABS)

Developed by Jeffrey A. Schaler, the Addiction Belief Scale (ABS) evaluates the addiction versus the free-will model concept and the confidence with it. This instrument was developed to equal the goals, style of treatment, and temporal demands of treatment of the clients and providers.

Participants are asked to respond an 18 item assessment using a 5-point Likert style response.


Jeffrey A. Schaler, Ph.D.

Obtaining the ABS

This scale is free to use for dissertation or other research but you must obtain the instrument along with permission directly from the author, Jeffrey A. Schaler, Ph.D.. To request permission, email Dr. Schaler directly at

Administration, Analysis and Reporting

Statistics Solutions consists of a team of professional methodologists and statisticians that can assist the student or professional researcher in administering the survey instrument, collecting the data, conducting the analyses and explaining the results.

For additional information on these services, click here.


Schaler, J.A. (1995) The Addiction belief scale. International Journal of the Addictions, 30, 117-134. Available online at

Schaler, J.A. (1997), Addiction beliefs of treatment providers: Factors explaining variance. Addiction Research, 4, 367-384. Available online at

Dissertation and Journals

R. Forman (2009). Staff beliefs about addiction treatment. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatmetn, Vol. 21, Issue 1, Page 1.

Kloss, D. Jacqueline; Lisman, A. Stephen (2003). Clinician Attributions and Disease Model Perspectives of Mentally III, Chemically Addicted Patients: A Preliminary Investigation. Substance Use & Misuse, 1532-2491, Vol. 38, Issue 14.

Pin It on Pinterest

Share This