## Conducting a Chi Square Test of Independence in SPSS with Only Frequencies

So let’s say you had some data one two nominal variables and wanted to test the independence between the two variables. However, instead of having the data on an individual-level scale, you had it in the form like what is shown below—in a cross-tabular form. You could compute the chi square test statistic by hand,

## Chi-Square

Chi square is defined as the square of the standard normal variable. There are certain chi square tests and they are discussed below in a detailed manner. Statistics Solutions is the country’s leader in chi square and dissertation statistics. Contact Statistics Solutions today for a free 30-minute consultation. A cross tabulation is also a kind