The Case of the Missing Reference

Economy of Expression

Secondary Sources

APA Fact of the Week – Concise Writing

Academic writing should be concise and clear. When APA editing a document, cut clutter and unnecessary words to make the finished product professional, polished, and clean. There are a several ways to write concisely without sacrificing valuable information. Eliminate words that do not carry meaning. Such words may include that, there is, unfortunately, and it

Using Direct Quotes in your Dissertation

All About THAT

Reporting Statistics in APA Format

Parallel Construction

When writing your dissertation, you must ensure that your sentences follow parallel construction, which is pertinent to clear and concise writing. For more information and examples of parallel construction, see APA6, Section 3.23. To enhance a reader’s understanding, present parallel ideas in parallel or coordinate form. Make certain that all elements of the parallelism are

APA Fact of the Week: Quotation Marks

In text: Use double quotation marks to enclose quotations.  Use single quotation marks to set off quotes within quotes. Correct: Smith stated, “Benin wrote ‘the limit does not exist’ when referring to this equation” (p. 9). Incorrect: Smith stated, “Benin wrote “the limit does not exist” when referring to this equation” (p. 9). In block

APA Fact of the Week: While and Since

Words that can have multiple meanings, such as while and since, sometimes cause reader confusion.  Because precision and clarity are standards in academic writing, the APA suggests that you restrict use of while and since to their temporal meanings only (APA 6, 3.22). Examples: While: Use while to link events occurring simultaneously; otherwise, use although, and,