APA Fact of the Week: Vague Pronouns

When writing your dissertation, focus on using precision and clarity regarding word choice and organization. Readers should not find difficulty reading the text or deciphering the meaning of the sentences. Pronouns should be limited in use, as these words often create reader confusion and ambiguity (APA6, 3.09, p. 68). Vague pronouns include: this, that, these,

APA Fact of the Week: Figure Captions

A Figure caption is an explanation of the figure that is located below the actual figure and acts as a title. The caption of the figure should include: – Title – Where the figure was adapted from (if applicable) – Author(s) of the figure – Publication date – Additional source information o May need to

APA Fact of the Week: Nouns Followed by Numerals of Letters

APA Style lists various style formats to follow when writing a dissertation, some of which may not seem obvious or necessary. These formatting requirements ensure consistency and bring your writing to a more academic standard. One such example is the use of nouns followed by numerals or letters. APA6 states to, “capitalize nouns followed by

APA Fact of the Week: Citing a Newsletter Article with No Author

Throughout the research process, you may come across a source that lists no author, but still contains relevant information to your study. Instead of using “Anonymous,” identify the reference by the title article. Example Article (APA6, p. 200): Six sites meet for comprehensive anti-gang initiative conference. (2006, November/December). OJJDP News @ a Glance. Retrieved from

APA Fact of the Week: Omitting and Inserting Material in Quotations

If there is any confusion in the material being quoted, such as incorrect spelling, punctuation, or grammar, insert the word sic, italicized and bracketed, immediately after the error (APA6, p. 172). Example: Original Sentence: She came home, after a long day at work, just in time for her sope opera. Correct Use: She came home,

APA Fact of the Week: Parentheses

When writing your dissertation, it is necessary to understand APA’s basic mechanics of style. Regarding parentheses, writers may find it difficult to decipher how, when, and where to use them. The APA Manual details the general use of parentheses in Section 4.09 (APA6, pp. 93–94). Outlined below are a few common examples students experience when

APA Fact of the Week: Nouns Followed by Numerals or Letters

Capitalize all nouns followed by numerals or letters that denote a specific place in a numbered series (APA6, p. 103). On Day 2 of Experiment 4 during Trial 5 as shown in Table 2, Figure 3B, and Chapter 4 Grant AG02726 from the National Institute on Aging Exception: Do not capitalize nouns that denote common

APA Fact of the Week: That & Who

APA Fact of the Week: That & Who Use that (or in some instances which) to refer to objects and nonhuman animals. Use who to refer to human beings, including collected groups or categories (students, participants, warriors, etc.).   Example: Correct use of that   The lizards that were used in the first experiment were

APA Fact of the Week: Citing Web Content

Citing web content in the reference list follows a similar format to other references. Basic Format: Author, A. (date). Title of document [Format description]. Retrieved from http://url Ex. Martin, G. R. R. (2015, June 10). Wars, woes, work [Web log post]. Retrieved from http://grrm.livejournal.com/ *A format description is only necessary if the format is unusual

APA Fact of the Week: Passive Voice

APA 6 prefers active voice to passive voice in almost all cases because active voice emphasizes the actor rather than the recipient of the action. Active voice: Han shot Gredo. Passive voice: Gredo was shot by Han. Here, active voice emphasizes the importance of the person shooting over the person being shot. When it is