APA Fact of the Week: While and Since

Words that can have multiple meanings, such as while and since, sometimes cause reader confusion.  Because precision and clarity are standards in academic writing, the APA suggests that you restrict use of while and since to their temporal meanings only (APA 6, 3.22). Examples: While: Use while to link events occurring simultaneously; otherwise, use although, and,

APA Fact of the Week: Colons & Semicolons

Many writers are lost regarding the differences between using a colon and a semicolon, often using these punctuations incorrectly. The following details use of each punctuation according to APA 6 (pp. 89–90). Semicolon: Use a semicolon To separate two independent clauses that are not joined by a conjunction. The participants in the first study were

APA Fact of the Week: Citing with No Author or Editor

If the reference you want to cite has neither an author nor an editor, put the title of the book or article in the author position.  Alphabetize such citations according to the first significant word in the title.  In text, use either part of the title or the whole title if it is short in

APA Fact of the Week – Reference List

A key aspect of your dissertation is the reference list.  The reference list includes the sources you consult in the process of researching for your dissertation, which prevents plagiarizing that information and increases your credibility as a researcher.  In order for source information to be clear to your reader, follow the guidelines in the APA

APA Fact of the Week: Slashes

Use slashes sparingly in APA style. Because a slash could easily be replaced with a conjunction, while also increasing clarity, slash use is limited to specific instances (APA6, p. 95). For example, here are the situations in which it is appropriate to use a slash: • to clarify a relationship in which a hyphenated compound

APA Fact of the Week: Correct Comma Usage

Correct comma use is essential to the clarity of a dissertation. Commas are used to separate units of meaning, such as phrases and clauses, and support the cadence of the sentence. Therefore, please recognize the proper uses of the comma in different situations. Below are a few examples of correct comma use. For more information,

APA Fact of the Week: Capitalization

Some of the capitalization rules in APA can be tricky, so please be aware of what the APA Manual outlines. For example, you must capitalize the titles of books and articles but only in the body of the paper and only the major words. A word under four letters should not be capitalized (APA6, p.

APA Fact of the Week – Anchors of a Scale

A common error I come across when editing dissertations is the presentation of anchors of a scale, or scale information in general.  When discussing the anchors of a scale involved in your study, such as a Likert-type style, APA prefers those anchors to be presented in parentheses and italicized, following the anchor numbers (APA6, p.

APA Fact of the Week

APA Fact of the Week Capitalize the precise, complete title of both published and unpublished tests. The words test, scale, and other identifying test words are not capitalized if they refer to subscales of tests. Do not capitalize generic or shortened titles of tests (APA6, p. 103).   Example: Advanced Math Test ————-> a math

APA Fact of the Week: Vague Pronouns

When writing your dissertation, focus on using precision and clarity regarding word choice and organization. Readers should not find difficulty reading the text or deciphering the meaning of the sentences. Pronouns should be limited in use, as these words often create reader confusion and ambiguity (APA6, 3.09, p. 68). Vague pronouns include: this, that, these,