Reporting Statistics in APA Format

Using Relative Pronouns in APA

Parallel Construction

When writing your dissertation, you must ensure that your sentences follow parallel construction, which is pertinent to clear and concise writing. For more information and examples of parallel construction, see APA6, Section 3.23. To enhance a reader’s understanding, present parallel ideas in parallel or coordinate form. Make certain that all elements of the parallelism are

APA Fact of the Week: Quotation Marks

In text: Use double quotation marks to enclose quotations.  Use single quotation marks to set off quotes within quotes. Correct: Smith stated, “Benin wrote ‘the limit does not exist’ when referring to this equation” (p. 9). Incorrect: Smith stated, “Benin wrote “the limit does not exist” when referring to this equation” (p. 9). In block

APA Fact of the Week: While and Since

Words that can have multiple meanings, such as while and since, sometimes cause reader confusion.  Because precision and clarity are standards in academic writing, the APA suggests that you restrict use of while and since to their temporal meanings only (APA 6, 3.22). Examples: While: Use while to link events occurring simultaneously; otherwise, use although, and,

APA Fact of the Week: Colons & Semicolons

Many writers are lost regarding the differences between using a colon and a semicolon, often using these punctuations incorrectly. The following details use of each punctuation according to APA 6 (pp. 89–90). Semicolon: Use a semicolon To separate two independent clauses that are not joined by a conjunction. The participants in the first study were

APA Fact of the Week: Citing with No Author or Editor

If the reference you want to cite has neither an author nor an editor, put the title of the book or article in the author position.  Alphabetize such citations according to the first significant word in the title.  In text, use either part of the title or the whole title if it is short in

APA Fact of the Week – Reference List

A key aspect of your dissertation is the reference list.  The reference list includes the sources you consult in the process of researching for your dissertation, which prevents plagiarizing that information and increases your credibility as a researcher.  In order for source information to be clear to your reader, follow the guidelines in the APA

APA Fact of the Week: Slashes

Use slashes sparingly in APA style. Because a slash could easily be replaced with a conjunction, while also increasing clarity, slash use is limited to specific instances (APA6, p. 95). For example, here are the situations in which it is appropriate to use a slash: • to clarify a relationship in which a hyphenated compound

APA Fact of the Week: Correct Comma Usage

Correct comma use is essential to the clarity of a dissertation. Commas are used to separate units of meaning, such as phrases and clauses, and support the cadence of the sentence. Therefore, please recognize the proper uses of the comma in different situations. Below are a few examples of correct comma use. For more information,