Three moderately correlated factors have been consistently found in the Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale (TSES). These are teachers' efficacy in: Student Engagement, Instructional Practices, and Classroom Management. The authors note that "With pre-service teachers we recommend that the full 24-item scale (or 12-item short form) be used, because the factor structure often is less distinct for these respondents." The survey has the reader answer from 1 (nothing) - 9 (a great deal). The Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale is designed to see what creates the most difficulties for teachers in daily school activities.
Megan Tschannen-Moran, College of William and Mary
Anita Woolfolk Hoy, the Ohio State University
Reliability and Validity information and Obtaining the TSES
|Long Form alpha||Short Form alpha|
The Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale is considered a reliable and valid instrument. Raking from moderate to highly reliable for both the short and long form of the Teachers' Sense of Efficacy Scale.
Administration, Analysis and Reporting
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Tschannen-Moran, M., & Woolfolk Hoy, A. (2001). Teacher efficacy: Capturing and elusive construct. Teaching and Teacher Education, 17, 783-805.