Stress / Anxiety / Depression

Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 (GAD-7)

The Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7 (GAD-7) is a 7-item instrument used to briefly measure or assess one of the most common mental disorders. The cut off points for mild is a score of 5, for moderate is 10 and for severe anxiety is a score of 15. When using this screening tool, further evaluation is

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Self-Compassion Scale – Short Form (SCS-SF)

The Self-Compassion Scale examines the relation of self-compassion to positive psychological health and the five factor model of personality. Self-compassion involves being kind toward oneself in instances of pain or failure; perceiving one’s experiences as part of the larger experience; and holding painful thoughts and feelings in balanced awareness.  Self-compassion can predict significant variance in

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Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (ZSDS)

Zung’s model for depression, the Zung Self-Rating Depression scale, measures psychological and somatic symptoms linked to depression.  In addition, the scale can be used as a screening tool, monitor for changes, and clinical research purposes. The questionnaire includes 20-items testing four common characteristic of depression – the pervasive effect, the physiological equivalents, other disturbances, and

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Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS)

The Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) is a method of measuring levels of anxiety in patients who have anxiety-related symptoms. The scale focuses on the most common general anxiety disorders; coping with stress typically causes anxiety. The SAS test is self-administered, with each response using a 4-point scale, from ‘none of the time” to “most

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Social Avoidance and Distress Scale (SADS)

The Social Avoidance and Distress Scale (SADS) uses a questionnaire including 28 true/false items. This instrument was developed to quantify social anxiety. Two aspects of anxiety are measured: Four experiences – distress, discomfort, fear, anxiety – and the avoidance of social situations. The SAD scale is closely linked with the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale

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State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)

The STAI, or State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) is an instrument that quantifies adult anxiety (a children’s version is also available). This particular instrument is used to simplify the separation between state anxiety and trait anxiety, feelings of anxiety and depression. The STAI includes a 40 question response taking approximately 10-20 minutes for completion and the

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Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale (PDS)

The Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale, or PDS, allows for posttraumatic stress disorders to be detected and diagnosed. The scale is primarily used by psychologists and counselors to investigate presence of PTSD in large groups and patients whom have experience a traumatic event, or to determine the significance of PTSD already present. This test takes approximately

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Police Stress Survey (PSS)

The Police Stress Survey (PSS) consists of 60 items corresponding to police work related events.  Respondents rate all 60 events with a “stress rating” of 0-100.  The first event, “assignment of disagreeable duties”, is given a median “stress rating” of 50, used as an example and standard against which respondents should formulate their stress ratings:

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Impact of Event Scale (IES)

This instrument, Impact of Event Scale (IES), evaluates the distress that is caused by traumatic events.  The test is centered around two subscales – Intrusion and Avoidance.  The IES-R is the revised edition of the original.  The instrument is closely connected with symptoms of PTSD. The format for the test is a 22-item self-report in

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Fear of Negative Evaluation (FNE)

The Fear of Negative Evaluation (FNE) instrument measures discomfort and distress in interpersonal interactions. Specifically, this instrument is used to measure apprehension in subjects when negatively evaluated. The Fear of Negative Evaluation (FNE) test includes 30 items with a true-false response format. The test takes approximately 10 minutes to complete and is mainly given to

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Consideration of Future Consequences Scale (CFCS)

The Consideration of Future Consequences Scale (CFCS) contains 12 statements relating to the consideration of immediate and delayed consequences of behaviors.   Participants indicate how characteristic the 12 statements are of themselves on a 5-point Likert scale from 1 “extremely uncharacteristic” to 5 “extremely characteristic.”  For example, participants rate the statement “I consider how things

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Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)

The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) is a commonly used instrument for quantifying levels of depression.  The scale for the BDI was originally created by patients’ descriptions of their symptoms – mood, pessimism, sense of failure, self-dissatisfaction, guilt, suicidal ideas, crying, irritability, social withdrawal, insomnia, fatigue, appetite, weight loss, self-accusation.  In the first portion of the

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Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI)

The Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) discriminates between anxious and non-anxious groups.  The inventory contains 21 items rated from 0 to 3 by the taker, with a total possible score of 63 points. The items are experiences related to anxiety such as “Fear of worst happening” or “Heart pounding/racing”.  The Five to ten minutes is necessary

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