The Sport Psychology Attitude-Revised (SPA-R) is an instrument used for the assessment of attitudes toward sport psychology in general. The scale is an adaptation of the Attitudes Toward Seeking Sport Psychology Consultation Questionnaire (ATSSPCQ; Martin, Wrisberg, Beitel, & Lounsbury, 1997) revealing four subscales: stigma tolerance, confidence in sport psychology consultation, personal openness, and cultural preference.
Another version has been developed pertaining more specifically to coaches’ attitudes, the Sport Psychology Attitude-Revised Coaches (SPA-RC).
Scott B. Martin, Kellmann, M, Lavallee, D and Page, SJ (2002)
Reliability and Validity
From the Martin et al abstract: “Confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated the factorial validity of the four-factor model for the SPA-R for male and female athletes, late adolescent and adult athletes, and athletes from different countries.”
If you need assistance with this survey instrument once purchased or obtained...
Statistics Solutions consists of a team of professional methodologists and statisticians that can assist the student or professional researcher in administering the survey instrument, collecting the data, conducting the analyses and explaining the results.
For additional information on these services, click here.
Martin, SB, Kellmann, M, Lavallee, D and Page, SJ (2002) Development and psychometric evaluation of the sport psychology attitudes - Revised form: A multiple group investigation. Sport Psychologist, 16 3: 272-290. Retrieved August 21 2009 from http://espace.library.uq.edu.au/view/UQ:115539
Cassidy, T., Potrac, P., & McKenzie, A. (2006). Evaluating and reflecting upon a coach education initiative: The CoDe of rugby. The Sport Psychologist, 20, 145-16
Speed, H. D., Andersen, M. B., & Simons, J. (2005). The selling or the telling of sport psychology; presenting services to coaches. In M. B. Andersen (Ed.), Sport psychology in practice (pp. 1-16). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Zakrajsek, R. A., & Zizzi, S. J. (2007). Factors influencing track and swimming coaches’ intentions to use sport psychology services. Athletic Insight: The Online Journal of Sport Psychology, 9(2). Retrieved September 29, 2007, from http://www.athleticinsight.com/Vol9Iss2/CoachesIntentions.htm
Zizzi, S. J., & Perna, F. M. (2003). Impact of a brief workshop on stages of change profiles in athletes. Athletic Insight: The Online Journal of Sport Psychology, 5(4). Retrieved October, 24, 2004, from http://www.athleticinsight.com/Vol5Iss4/ImpactofBriefWorkshop.htm